With cryptocurrency mining profitability on the rise, it has become an excellent source of passive income. However, there are some basic crypto variables involved that every single miner has to face.
The basics of crypto mining
Cryptocurrency mining is an energy-intensive activity. Miners use considerable power to make guesses and find a block’s hash, thus recording that block in the ledger.
Then, it’s not surprising that the highest cost of running a mining operation is the electricity bill. Additionally, you may have additional expenses, like purchasing mining equipment, cooling systems, component replacement, and many others. Naturally, you’d pay most — if not all — of these in your local fiat currency.
Knowing an estimate of your costs beforehand, you could calculate how much of your mined coins — whichever they are — you’d have to sell to cover your expenses. The remaining coins would be your net mining profits.
However, other factors may affect your mining operation, impacting your profitability. These risks are unavoidable, as they’re inherent to how cryptocurrency and mining work. For that same reason, you should be aware of them and know how to reduce their impact on your revenue as much as possible.
Let’s dive into them.
Volatility and price action
The first aspect of cryptocurrency that could harm your mining operation’s performance is, of course, the price of the coin you’re mining.
As we’ve said, you will pay for your expenses in fiat currency but earn in crypto. So if the price of the specific coin you’re mining goes down against fiat, you’ll have to sell more of your earnings to cover your expenses.
Volatility is a double-edged sword, though, as the price could also shoot up, affecting your profitability positively.
Naturally, this phenomenon will affect those with higher costs the most, as miners with higher profit margins can tolerate low prices for longer before they lose profitability.
However, during multiple-year bear markets, many miners have to shut down their machines, as they consume more electricity than they can afford.
Network hashrate and difficulty
As you may already know, proof-of-work blockchain networks automatically can change how hard it is to mine a block. Difficulty adjustments are programmed onto the blockchain’s code and happen automatically after an N number of blocks — for example, in Bitcoin, it’s 2016; in Monero, it’s 1.
Through these automatic adjustments, proof-of-work networks reduce or increase the mining difficulty — or how hard it is to find a block — to keep the protocol secure and make it costly to attempt an attack. Furthermore, they also help maintain block time standards, ensure performance, and keep mining competitive.